Dog Vitamins and Supplements: Health Facts

Should I give vitamins and supplements for my dog?

The dog nutrient is the basis of the optimum dog health. Most of the dog food option available was already well balance and meet with your dog’s need because they had been fortified with the essential mineral and vitamin as well. However, there are pet owners who want to ensure that the requirement nutrition’s for their dogs are met. Therefore, the dog supplementation had been considered by both veterinarian and pet owner to maximize the nutrient absorption and vitamin as well. Along with dog’s age, their ability to absorb the nutrient are getting lower as well. Thanks to continuous research and advanced technology that allow dogs to live healthier and getting long life. This also makes the demand for supplement or vitamin of the dog had been increasing constantly as well.

dog-vitamins-and-supplements

dog vitamins and supplements

Understanding the need for dog vitamins

Generally, the dog eats the commercial dog food which gets a balanced diet that also including the vitamins and minerals. However, dogs which were consuming the homemade food might need the supplementation. You should note that dogs have their specific compatibility with homemade food and vitamins. The process is not that simple as you feed your dog a meal and give them some vitamins.

There are some products on the market which including the current diet trend for dog supplement. The aim from these supplements is to make sure that your dog gets the required level of vitamins and nutrition to get the healthy life. The owner-pet should ensure that vitamin that will be given along with homemade food that will lead to the balanced diet as well. you should note that before you try any kind of dog vitamins and supplements, you should consult with your vet to avoid the over dosage on your beloved dog.

Understanding the importance of vitamin

Vitamin had been considered as very important to sustain the normal chemical reaction and processing in dog’s body. Vitamins sometime work effectively along with enzymes and minerals to ensure that the muscle development and function, digestion and reproductive ability work well. You should know that vitamin is divided into 2 groups, they are water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. There are 4 fat-soluble vitamins, they are: D, A, K, and E. Then the water-soluble vitamin is including of B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, C, and B12 as well as Biotin and Folic Acid. Those fat-soluble vitamins were stored inside the fat tissue and liver than the water soluble vitamins were stored in minimal numbers in dog’s body. A dog can get vitamins from the food that they eat, such as dog food or balanced homemade food as well. This is important to consider several factors before you give supplement for your dog. You should be able to identify your dog’s need for any food supplement or multivitamin.

Here’s a quick reference guide to the dog nutritional requirements for an adult dog.

Protein
Source: Complete Dog food, meat, fish, eggs, milk
Function: Builds bones, repairs tissue, promotes growth
Fat
Source: Animal and vegetable fat, oils
Function: Provides energy, healthy skin, supports metabolism
Carbohydrate
Source: Cereals, dog meal, rice, pasta, potatoes
Function: Provides energy, source of bulk in the diet
Minerals
Calcium
Source: Milk, cheese, bones, bread, meat
Function: Builds bone, aids clotting and muscle function
Phosphorus
Source: Milk, bones, meat
Function: Builds bone and teeth
Iron
Source: Meat, bread, vegetables
Function: Builds hemoglobin
Copper
Source: Meat, bones
Function: Builds hemoglobin
Magnesium
Source: Bones, fish, cereals, green vegetables
Function: Builds bone, helps synthesize protein
Iodine
Source: Milk, fish, vegetables
Function: Thyroid function
Cobalt
Source: Milk, cheese, meat
Function: Vitamin B12 production
Selenium
Source: Meat, fish, cereals
Function: Vitamin E synthesis
Sulphur
Source: Meat, eggs
Function: Amino acid synthesis
Potassium
Source: Meat, milk
Function: Water balance, nerve function
Sodium
Source: Salt cereals
Function: Water balance, nerve function
Manganese
Source: Cereals
Function: Fat metabolism
Zinc
Source: Meat, cereals
Function: Tissue repair, aid in digestion
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Source: Milk, cod liver oil
Function: Protects the skin, bone growth
Vitamin B1
Source: Peas, beans, whole grain, organ meat
Function: carbohydrate metabolism
Vitamin B2
Source: Milk, cheese, meat
Function: Energy metabolism
Vitamin B6
Source: Meat, vegetables, cereals, eggs
Function: Amino Acid Metabolism
Vitamin B12
Source: Meat, eggs, milk
Function: Amino Acid Metabolism
Vitamin D
Source: Milk, cheese, eggs, meat, cod liver oil
Function: Bone growth, calcium absorption
Vitamin E
Source: Cereals, green vegetables, cheese
Function: Aids cell membrane function and reproduction
Vitamin K
Source: Meat, cereals, green vegetables, liver
Function: Blood clotting
Folic Acid
Source: Green Vegetables
Function: Amino Acid Metabolism
Biotin
Source: Meat, vegetables
Function: Amino Acid Metabolism
Choline
Source: Eggs, liver, cereals, peas, beans
Function: Fat metabolism and nerve function
Niacin
Source: Meat, cereals, legumes
Function: Energy metabolism

Is it safe to give my dog vitamins?

As mentioned before that this is possible when your dog already eats the balanced diet and receive any excess for vitamins and minerals that can be harmful. Too much calcium is also able to cause the skeletal problems, especially in the large breed. Too much vitamin A also can damage the blood vessels and cause the dehydration and joint pain as well. Excessive vitamin D also can make your dog stop eating; causing their muscle to get atrophy and harm bones a well. once again, you should call your bet first, before try vitamins or supplements for your dog.

When had the dog been identified to have the vitamin deficiency?

For dogs that had been diagnosed with specific kind of deficiency, your vet will give you the prescription with a single or low combination, such as 2 or 3 vitamins or minerals. This type of supplement management had been especially addressed for only vitamins or minerals which were getting short supply inside your dog’s body. If your dog had been identified having the disease that can be cured with food supplement, this is also can be your reason why you need to take supplements. Because there are many diseases which can be cured with vitamins or food supplement. This is also has been proven that dog diagnosed with dermatitis might respond with a zinc supplement. So, this is also important why you should consult with your vet first that can be your safe option.

Is dog supplement work?

This is also depending on what supplement that is used and how is manufactured as well. According to some vets, the clinical trials were rare to do. So, this is hard to find the quality evidence for these products. The glucosamine chondroitin supplement which usually gives to the dogs with osteoarthritis had been shown the mixed result in testing in animal and human. A study also concluded that dog treated with that supplement showed less pain and getting more mobility after 70 days of treatment. Fatty acid also able to help the coats getting the better look. The fish oil supplement also able to reduce inflammation according to a study that published in American Journal of Veterinary Research. Then antioxidants, such as E and C also able to reduce inflammation and help the aging dogs with have problems with memory as well.

The human vitamin vs. Dog vitamin

This also becomes one of the biggest questions that related with supplementation for was whether the dog can consume the human vitamin. The answer is obviously no. Although the dog can tolerate with tablets, capsules, syrups and they gave similar vitamins and minerals requirement, this is can be so dangerous when giving them with food vitamins or supplement that human had been taking. First, the dosage is totally different because a human has the different level of metabolism. One of the most common supplements which pet owners were giving their dogs with the hopes that can help them is calcium supplement intended for human need. This is can harm your dog and put their lives in danger as well. So, this is very high no recommended to take human vitamins for your dog. You should consult with your vet to know your dog’s condition.