Dog Nutritional Requirements: What You Should Know

Dog Nutritional Requirements: What You Should Know

Although dog nutritional requirements will vary based on factors such as breed, size, age and activity level, all dogs require nutrients from a wide range of sources.

Unlike cats, dogs are not pure carnivores. Meat, of course, is an important component of a dog’s diet but should ideally only account for about half of daily calorie intake. The balance should come from carbohydrates obtained from sources such as cereals, rice, potatoes or dry dog meal.

In addition to protein and carbohydrates, the balanced canine diet should contain fat (obtainable mainly from meat), as well as essential minerals and vitamins.The simplest way to ensure that your dog is receiving a balanced diet is to feed a premium quality dry dog food.

Dog Nutritional

Dog Nutritional

Here’s a quick reference guide to the dog nutritional requirements for an adult dog.

Protein
Source: Complete Dog food, meat, fish, eggs, milk
Function: Builds bones, repairs tissue, promotes growth
Fat
Source: Animal and vegetable fat, oils
Function: Provides energy, healthy skin, supports metabolism
Carbohydrate
Source: Cereals, dog meal, rice, pasta, potatoes
Function: Provides energy, source of bulk in the diet
Minerals
Calcium
Source: Milk, cheese, bones, bread, meat
Function: Builds bone, aids clotting and muscle function
Phosphorus
Source: Milk, bones, meat
Function: Builds bone and teeth
Iron
Source: Meat, bread, vegetables
Function: Builds hemoglobin
Copper
Source: Meat, bones
Function: Builds hemoglobin
Magnesium
Source: Bones, fish, cereals, green vegetables
Function: Builds bone, helps synthesize protein
Iodine
Source: Milk, fish, vegetables
Function: Thyroid function
Cobalt
Source: Milk, cheese, meat
Function: Vitamin B12 production
Selenium
Source: Meat, fish, cereals
Function: Vitamin E synthesis
Sulphur
Source: Meat, eggs
Function: Amino acid synthesis
Potassium
Source: Meat, milk
Function: Water balance, nerve function
Sodium
Source: Salt cereals
Function: Water balance, nerve function
Manganese
Source: Cereals
Function: Fat metabolism
Zinc
Source: Meat, cereals
Function: Tissue repair, aid in digestion
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Source: Milk, cod liver oil
Function: Protects the skin, bone growth
Vitamin B1
Source: Peas, beans, whole grain, organ meat
Function: carbohydrate metabolism
Vitamin B2
Source: Milk, cheese, meat
Function: Energy metabolism
Vitamin B6
Source: Meat, vegetables, cereals, eggs
Function: Amino Acid Metabolism
Vitamin B12
Source: Meat, eggs, milk
Function: Amino Acid Metabolism
Vitamin D
Source: Milk, cheese, eggs, meat, cod liver oil
Function: Bone growth, calcium absorption
Vitamin E
Source: Cereals, green vegetables, cheese
Function: Aids cell membrane function and reproduction
Vitamin K
Source: Meat, cereals, green vegetables, liver
Function: Blood clotting
Folic Acid
Source: Green Vegetables
Function: Amino Acid Metabolism
Biotin
Source: Meat, vegetables
Function: Amino Acid Metabolism
Choline
Source: Eggs, liver, cereals, peas, beans
Function: Fat metabolism and nerve function
Niacin
Source: Meat, cereals, legumes
Function: Energy metabolism

Follow this guide to dog nutritional requirements and you’ll ensure that you are meeting your dog’s nutritional needs.

Read more about dog nutritional requirements, and the best food for your dog, by following the links below.